The Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies
Center for Quantum Philosophy
Discovering invisible causes behind the visible
B ell experiments demonstrate
(within the limits of a few rather eccentric loopholes) nonlocal correlations
between space-like separated events, which cannot be explained by means of
relativistic influences bounded by the velocity of light. This means that one
has to give up the view that the outcomes at each part of the setup result
from properties preexisting in the particles before measurement: outcomes in
Alice's (respectively Bob's) lab cannot be explained by the properties the
photon carries when leaving the source and the settings of Alice's
(respectively Bob's) measuring devices.
or Suarez-Scarani experiment
demonstrates that these nonlocal correlations cannot be explained in
terms of "before" and "after", by time-ordered nonlocal
influences. Giving up the concept of locality is not sufficient to be
consistent with quantum experiments, one has to give up nonlocal determinism,
i.e. the view that one event occurring before in time can be
considered the cause, and the other occurring later in time
the effect. The time-notion makes sense only in the domain of the
relativistic local phenomena. The nonlocal correlations cannot be explained
by any history in spacetime, they come from
outside spacetime. This experimental result
upholds the Copenhagen or orthodox interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.
The single-photon space-like antibunching experiment (proposed 2010 and completed 2012) demonstrates that
the most fundamental principle ruling the material world, the conservation of
energy, requires nonlocal coordination of detection outcomes, i.e.,
non-material agency from outside space-time. Additionally, the experiment is
a natural and most direct demonstration of nonlocality
in a context where the violation of Bell inequalities cannot be used as a
criterion for establishing nonlocality. In this
sense, the experiment highlights the fact that the principle of nonlocality rules the whole of quantum physics and the
material world emerges from non-material features.
Through these and many other
experiments in the past years we have reached a better understanding of what nolocality means: “that quantum correlations happen
without the flow of time”, “that quantum correlations come from outside spacetime”, “that spacetime
does not contain the whole of physical reality”, “that quantum phenomena
cannot be explained exclusively by material principles”. It is not necessary
to have the psi ability of “clairvoyance” to see that results proving that
“quantum phenomena come from outside spacetime” and
“conservation of energy requires non-material agency” define a new era in
science. In fact, they support the view that non-material principles can
steer the material world.
The Center for Quantum Philosophy, based in Zurich and Geneva, aims
at wide-spreading these discoveries, and to stimulate the discussion about
their cultural and philosophical implications.
In this web site, you
A talk by John
Bell explaining his theorem at the CERN (Geneva),
followed by an exciting discussion on scientific and philosophical issues.
explaining the basic principles of the quantum world, and the
relevance of the before-before experiment.
A list of publications presenting the experiment and discussing his scientific, metaphysical
and cultural implications.
A biographical note telling the story behind the mentioned experiment.
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